Hacked By XwoLfTn
Long life for Tunisia
long life to Palestine
Hacked By XwoLfTn
Long life for Tunisia
long life to Palestine
Update: This issue has now been fixed, making this hack unnecessary.
Recently, the developers behind StackOverflow.com changed their site in such a way as to make voting and flagging inaccessible. So, I created a bookmarklet to correct the issue, and these functions now seem to work fine for me with a screen reader. Note that this will likely not work for older screen readers that don’t speak ARIA.
Of course the best solution would be for the StackOverflow devs to make these changes to their site directly, but until that happens, we will have to make do.
It’s amazing what just a little bit of ARIA can do.
Simply right click the above, and save it as a bookmark. Then, when you visit the StackOverflow site, or any of their sister sites, click the bookmark, and the page will magically become accessible.
The biggest drawback to this is that you have to run the bookmarklet each time you visit a different page on the site. So, if you visit the site frequently, I suggest you install the script into Greasemonkey, and set it to run on all pages of the site.
Feedback/improvements are appreciated.
If you’ve ever wondered how the Jaws Screen Reader handles ARIA live regions, this video should help generic viagra for sale.
Sorry about the audio issues.
The next time you create an HTML form with required fields, consider adding the aria-required=”true” attribute to the required control.
<input type=... aria-required="true" .../>
Indicates that user input is required on the element before a form may be submitted.
For example, if a user needs to fill in an address field, the author will need to set the field’s aria-required attribute to true.
Note: The fact that the element is required is often presented visually (such as a sign or symbol after the widget).
Using the aria-required attribute allows the author to explicitly convey to assistive technologies that an element is required.
Unless an exactly equivalent native attribute is available, host languages SHOULD allow authors to use the aria-required attribute on host language form elements that require input or selection by the user.
This property is supported in just about all screen reader/ browser combinations that support ARIA. However, for backward compatibility, you should still include some sort of notice in the controls label. An asterisk seems to be the most common, and most users know what it means.
When a modern screen reader encounters a control with the aria-required property set to true, it will simply say “required” in addition to announcing the control type. For example, jaws will say “required edit” when it encounters a required text entry field.
As with every accessibility feature, be careful not to over use this. A good rule of thumb is if you visually indicate that a field is required, indicate the same with ARIA. Likewise, if you don’t visually indicate that a field is required, then don’t do so with ARIA either.
Based on current estimates, HTML 5 will not become an official standard until 2022 (not a typo). However, browsers are expected to support most of it long before then. This is quite fortunate from an accessibility standpoint, as HTML 5 fixes or erodes a lot of the major accessibility barriers that disabled web users currently face. But whatÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s even better is that web authors wonÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t have to do anything extra to enable most of this added accessibility. It will come standard with the proper use of HTML 5.
Let me be clear, there will still be a need for ARIA, and most of the web accessibility best practices wonÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t be going anywhere anytime soon, but it seems likely that web authors will have fewer things to worry about when it comes to accessibility, and web sites that werenÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t designed with accessibility in mind will be more likely to just work.
Here are some of the immediately obvious benefits to accessibility that HTML 5 will bring.
It recently became possible for web authors, via the use of a span tag and <a href="http://www sildenafil citrate generic.paciellogroup.com/blog/?p=106″>ARIA landmark roles, to tell disabled users Ã¢â‚¬Å“this section of the document is the header,Ã¢â‚¬Â or Ã¢â‚¬Å“this section is for navigation.Ã¢â‚¬Â Before that, we had to use clunky Ã¢â‚¬Å“skip to XXXÃ¢â‚¬Â links. Now, if you wrap the various parts of your page in header, article, and similar tags, you should get the same functionality that the ARIA landmark roles give, but for free, without any extra effort on the part of the web author beyond writing semantically correct HTML (I.E. not wrapping the footer of a page in a header tag). And, as has been seen time and time again, free accessibility tends to be widely implemented accessibility.
While SVG is currently supported by many browsers, HTML 5 broadens that support. The reason SVG support is good for accessibility is that SVG images are vector images (meaning that they are mathematically defined), and so they can theoretically scale infinitely without a loss of quality. This is important for those who use magnification, as these folks often view web pages enlarged up to 16 times or more, which can obviously make typical images for the web look terrible.
With apologies to the fine folks at Adobe who are doing a lot of great work on accessibility, the sooner flash audio and video players are gone from the web, the better it will be for accessibility. Yes, such players can be made reasonably accessible, but the fact is that most arenÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t. IÃ¢â‚¬â„¢m convinced, based on past experience, that if we can move the player logic out of a browser plug-in and into the browser itself, we adaptive tech users will have a much better shot at being able to access it.
A historical parallel for all this is layout tables. Several years ago, everyone was using tables for layout, because the technology of the time didnÃ¢â‚¬â„¢t offer any good alternative. But then CSS came along and layout tables became (for the most part) obsolete. This change was of course a big boon to disabled users, because then a table could go back to just being a table, and there is now much less confusion for screen reader users. With HTML 5, we should see similar advancements, where more elements will be used for their intended purposes.
When I come across a web site that isn’t accessible, I usually just leave. However, if I really want to access that site, I can often do so through the mobile interface, assuming it is available.
This work around isn’t perfect, as the mobile site almost never has all the content or features of the main site. However, limited access is better than no access at all.
The other, more serious problem I encounter when using this hack is caused by some sites that recognize that I’m using a browser on a PC. It is possible to fool the server, but it’s not easy.
The fact that this work around exists is of course no excuse for not making your main site accessible. However, if your main site is inaccessible, and you have a mobile version of your site, at the very least, don’t block it from being able to be viewed in Firefox or IE.
Remember also that a mobile site is no substitute for making your main site accessible, unless it simply isn’t feasible, you provide as much content and functionality as possible on the mobile site, and you place a prominant link directing users with accessibility needs to the alternate site generic viagra online pharmacy.
Finally, just because a site works on a mobile device doesn’t mean that it is accessible, though the odds are much greater that it will be. Nevertheless, the standard web accessibility advice and guidelines still apply.
It’s not uncommon to see the instruction, “To download the file, right click and …”, but this can be difficult or impossible for screen reader users to do. The problem is that Jaws and Window Eyes don’t offer an easy way to right click on a link. I can do it, but it’s sometimes quite difficult, even for me, a reasonably advanced user.
If the link is text, I have to use the Jaws cursor to find the link on the screen before I can right click it click for more. (The Jaws cursor is basically the mouse, but you move it with the arrow keys and click with the keyboard.) Just finding the link can often be a slow process.
However, if the link is an image (
<a href=…><img src=…/></a>), there is no text for me to find with the Jaws cursor. The only option left to me at that point is to click on the link, quickly press
ESC to cancel the page loading, and then press
Shift+F10 to right click on the link. It took a lot of trial and error to come up with that procedure, so it’s a pretty safe bet that most users won’t be able to download content from these types of links.
Last year, I posted an accessibility checklist on North Temple. I don’t generally like to recommend these sorts of lists, because they tend to get abused. People think that the checklist is all they need to make their site accessible. You should only use an accessibility checklist to make sure you didn’t forget anything, or to give you ideas on what to study further.
The size and nature of this checklist makes it impractical for me to provide anything more than the briefest of summaries of each topic, so if you’re relying on it as a tutorial, rather than as just a checklist, your accessibility efforts will almost certainly fall short. I of course also wasn’t able to cover every possible accessibility issue, but only the most common.
So, with the above limitations in mind, here is the Accessibility Checklist, version 1. Watch this blog for version 2, coming soon.
<dl>) rather than text with a
<br>tag after each list item.
<h1>) are very helpful for blind users. Properly mark up the sections of a page and body copy with HTML headings rather than something such as a
<p>tag with CSS styling that makes it look like a heading.
langattribute in the
<html>tag, and indicate any passages in a secondary language using the
langattribute on other tags wrapping the relevant text (e.g.
"<span lang="es">Hola</span> means HelloÃ¢â‚¬Â).
<th>tags, and associate all data cells with their header.
tabindex, if necessary. (If your HTML is in the proper order, then using
altattribute, leaving the text for decorational images blank (e.g.
alttext when images are also links.
alttext (e.g. “the Christus statue”), but provide detail when it conveys meaning (e.g. “President Hinckley’s son standing at his graveside with family in arms”).
<label>tag. If a form field has no specific text label on the page, add one, and hide it with CSS or use the
<fieldset>) with legends (
<legend>) to associate prompts with radio buttons and check boxes. For instance, a form asks “Gender:” and offers radio buttons that say “Male” or “Female”. Then “Gender:” should be enclosed in a
<legend>tag, and all three elements (
<legend>and the two radio buttons with their labels) should be enclosed in a
Following are a few excerpts:
The name screen reader is a misnomer since they do not read the screen. Screen readers load the page content from the browserÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s document object model (DOM) into a virtual buffer. The user is then able to review this virtual buffer at will, using numerous hotkeys. Items such as links, form fields, and some other elements are identified when they are read. When the user finds a link or other clickable element that they wish to activate, they simply press Enter, and the screen reader tells the browser where they Ã¢â‚¬Å“clickedÃ¢â‚¬Â.
In Jaws, this event [the scroll event] is fired at seemingly random times, including sometimes on page load.
In Window Eyes, on the other hand, it fires at much more logical timesÃ¢â‚¬â€after the user has read several lines of text. However, keep in mind that all scrolling, as such, is taken care of by the screen reader. From the userÃ¢â‚¬â„¢s perspective, there is no such thing as below the fold, as everything on the page is all in one big buffer, and screen readers give no indication to the user when they scroll the screen.